Popular Artists Thomas Cole Frederic Edwin Church Albert Bierstadt Jasper Francis Cropsey John Frederick Kensett Sanford Robinson Gifford Martin Johnson Heade Thomas Moran George Inness
Founded in the United States by the well-known American artist Thomas Cole in 1825, the Hudson River School came to light and caused an interest to arise among the population, as it was offering something new to the table, that both educated and caused pride about the wonderful landscape of this country.
The Hudson River School was an art movement that was embodied by a couple of talented landscape painters, who were inspired by romanticism when it came to their aesthetic vision. Some of the members of this school were Sanford Robinson Gifford, John Frederick Kensett, Albert Bierstadt, Jasper Francis Cropsey, Robert Duncanson, and Frederic Edwin Church. All of these artists went the extra mile to create magnificent paintings to captivate the attention of the public. Their paintings were very realistic-looking and thus mentally transported viewers to the scene. Thanks to their one-of-a-kind works, these painters were able to leave a legacy behind that has been able to reach millions of people around the globe, especially Americans.
The paintings of this movement reflect three themes that were taken place in the 19th century in the United States: settlement, exploration, and discovery. At this school, the American landscape was depicted as a pastoral setting, where nature and individuals are peaceful. The artists at Hudson River School strongly believed that nature in the United States was a manifestation of the Lord. Their goal when painting was to remind Americans of the untamed, vast, but magnificent wilderness present in the country. A lot of their works were painted during the period of settlement in the west, establishment of green city parks, and the preservation of national parks. In general, their works depict the Hudson River Valley and the surrounding area, including the White Mountains, Adirondack, and Catskill. The second generation of artists of this school expanded to other areas and included other areas of New England, South America, and also the Maritimes. No matter what the talented members of this school painted, they surely attained a lot of attention for their works, as the majority of American artists at that time were more interested in doing portraits than painting landscapes.